The IRS Increases 2023 Contribution Limits to IRAs, HSAs, SEP IRAs and Solo 401(k)s for Business Owners

November 09, 2022

Mat Sorensen

Contribution Limits Increase for Tax Year 2023 For Traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, HSAs, SEP IRAs, and Solo 401(k)s

The IRS increased the 2023 contribution limits for self-employed persons who contribute to a SEP IRA or Solo 401(k) from $61,000 to $66,000. For those 50 or older, there is also a $7,500 catch-up contribution amount allowing total contributions in 2023 of $73,500. The SEP IRA and the Solo 401(k) have become popular savings tools for self-employed persons who don’t have an employer 401(k) plan, as they allow them to contribute more than the annual $6,500 contribution that is allowed in a Traditional IRA or Roth IRA. Solo 401(k)s and SEP IRAs are also easier to administer than pension plans, and standard 401(k)s and have proven to be an optimal fit for self-employed persons who do not have full-time employees other than themselves, partners, and family.

The IRS changed 2023 contribution limits on Traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs and those amounts are now $6,500 annually, with a $1,000 catch-up for those 50 or older. That’s an increase of $500 from 2022 limits. The 2023 income phaseout for Roth IRA contributions begins at $138,000 for singles and heads of household and starts to phase out at $218,000 for married couples filing jointly. If you phase out standard Roth IRA contributions because you are high-income, you can contribute using the back-door Roth IRA method.

Employee contribution limits to 401(k)s were increased in 2023 to $22,500 from $20,500 in 2022. HSA contribution limits for 2022 will go up from $3,650 for individuals to $3,850, and family contributions will increase from $7,300 to $7,750.

2023 Contribution Limits

2022-2023 Contribution Limit

All of these accounts provide tax preferences and benefits over a typical savings account. The HSA, Traditional IRA, Solo 401(k), and SEP IRA all provide tax deductions when you contribute to them and the funds grow tax-deferred. For Roth IRAs and Roth accounts in Solo 401(k)s, there is no tax deduction on your contributions, but the funds grow and come out tax-free at retirement. One of the most significant costs to growing wealth and assets for retirement is taxes. These accounts all provide tax advantages over typical savings and brokerage accounts with non-retirement account dollars.

If you are looking for tax deductions, tax-deferred growth, or tax-free income, you should be using these accounts. Keep in mind there are qualifications and phase-out rules that apply, so make sure you are getting competent advice about which accounts should be utilized in your specific situation. And lastly, the power of using these accounts is in maximizing investment returns. All these accounts can be self-directed and invested into assets you know best. When you contribute funds to these accounts, those funds can be invested to grow. You can then invest in public stock, ETFs, and mutual funds, but also into real estate, private companies and funds (LPs and LLCs), and small businesses using self-directed account providers. Consider your investment options wisely, and seek out professional advice as needed to become educated and informed on how to best achieve your financial goals.


Mat Sorensen

Mat Sorensen

Mat has been at the forefront of the self-directed IRA industry since 2006. He is the CEO of Directed IRA & Directed Trust Company where they handle all types of self-directed retirement accounts, which are typically invested into real estate, private company/private equity, IRA/LLCs, notes, precious metals, and cryptocurrency. Mat is also a partner at KKOS Lawyers. He is published regularly on retirement, tax, and business topics, and is a VIP Contributor at Mat is the best-selling author of The Self-Directed IRA Handbook, the most widely used book in the self-directed IRA industry.